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El Niño and La Niña

(2008)
El Niño is a global climate cycle that begins in the tropical pacific, usually every three to seven years. The name El niño (Spanish for "baby boy") reflects the appearance of the cycle's effects off the coast of Peru around the end of the calendar year. In that region, El Niño causes increased rainfall and a decline in the fishing industry. These effects are part of a much larger climate pattern.